If you’re planning on hiring a website designer, it’s important to know the basics of web design.
If you know the lingo, you’re in a better position to communicate your ideas to your designer and to understand their suggestions and recommendations.
You don’t need to know everything there is to know about web design.
But you do need to have a basic understanding of the terms used in the industry so that you can speak the language when you’re talking to potential designers.
In this blog post, I have shared 30 common website design terms that you must know so that you can easily communicate & negotiate with your website developer.
#1 Website Frontend
The front-end is the part of the website that visitors see and interact with.
#2 Website Backend
The backend is the part of a website that is used by the website owner or their webmaster.
The backend is used to upload content, edit content, add new pages, change existing pages, and much more.
The backend is also used to update the website’s code and to make changes to the website’s appearance.
It’s the website developer who is responsible for building a site’s backend.
CMS stands for Content Management System. It is a platform that allows users to create, edit and publish content easily.
CMS makes it easy for users to update their site without having to know how to code.
CMS is really a great option for small businesses or start-ups who don’t have the budget to hire an expensive designer or developer.
For example, WordPress is a CMS. In fact, WordPress is one of the best CMSs available on the planet today. If you need a CMS website at an affordable cost, talk to a WordPress developer in Singapore.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.
Cascading Style Sheets describes the look and formatting of a document for different screen sizes.
Both website designers & developers should know CSS to build a professional website.
#5 Web hosting
Web hosting is a service that allows you to put your website online.
You can think of it as an apartment building for your website.
You rent space in the building and install the electricity, water, and other services you need to keep your website running.
PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language.
PHP can be added to HTML to create web pages dynamically.
PHP code is usually processed by an interpreter, which is either implemented as a native module on the web server or as a common gateway interface (CGI).
PHP codes are handled by PHP developers who are different from the website designers or the WordPress developers.
#7 Domain name
A domain name, or a website address, is a human-readable label that types in a web browser to get a website.
A domain name is your website’s address on the internet – essentially, it’s the equivalent of your street address for your site.
Domain name extensions could be like .com, .com.sg, .sg, etc.
A database is a collection of data and information.
Databases are used for storing data.
A database management system (DBMS) is a database system that allows us to store, manipulate, and query data in a logical manner.
All the web developers know how to handle a database.
#9 Website mockup
A website mockup is a visual representation of a website.
They are typically used by web designers to give clients an idea of how the site will look when it is finished.
The mockup is a graphical design of a website or webpage.
It is a visual representation of how the site will look and function.
The website mockups are created by the website designers or the graphic designers.
#10 Website theme/template
A website theme is a set of design templates and assets that are used as the foundation for building a website.
It’s the responsibility of a website developer to customize a template and create a website according to your own design preferences.
A website plugin is a piece of code that you add to your website in order to extend or enhance certain features or functionality. There are thousands of different plugins available and most of them are free to download and install.
For example, if you want to add a contact form to your site, you can use the Contact Form 7 plugin to do it for you. WordPress plugins are really easy to install. Plugins are like apps for your WordPress site.
You need a website developer (preferably a WordPress developer) to customize plugins.
#12 Control panel
A control panel is a feature of a server that allows an administrator to manage the server.
It typically consists of a web-based interface that allows an administrator to manage the server, much like a control panel on a physical device.
Control panels are commonly used to administer files, emails, MySQL databases, etc.
Your website designer and website developer should know how to manage a control panel.
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a security tool that’s used to secure transmissions of data online.
SSL is the most widely used standard for encryption on the web. It allows for sensitive information like credit card numbers, social security numbers, and login credentials to remain encrypted while in transit from the user to the website.
SSL encryption is the best way to keep your customers’ data safe.
If you’re in the market for a new web host and you’re looking for one that ensures your data is as secure as possible, make sure you look for a host that uses 256-bit encryption.
FTP or File Transfer Protocol is a way to send and receive files between servers. It’s the most common way to transfer files between your computer and your web host.
FTP clients are used to connecting to your web host and transfer files to the server.
Again, your website designer and website developer should know how to manage the FTP.
#15 Web design proposal
Web design proposals are one of the most important things you can get from a web designer.
It is important to always have a proposal in place when hiring a web designer, as this will set out the scope of work under which you will be working with them. This will help to ensure that your needs are met and that you are satisfied with the work that is carried out.
Need a website? Hire a website designer!
#16 Web design contract
If you’re thinking about hiring a web designer to help you with your website, then you should definitely consider getting a contract.
#17 Website maintenance
Maintenance is the most important thing you can do to your website.
I can’t emphasize enough how important it is for your website to be updated with fresh content. Website maintenance also covers updating plugins, themes, and the core software of your website.
#18 Website header
A website header is the visible part of a website, generally, at the top of the page, that contains the logo, name, and slogan of the website.
The header also usually contains navigation links and a search bar.
#19 SEO-friendly website
What is an SEO-friendly website?
An SEO-friendly website means that it is coded in a way that search engines can understand.
#20 Site’s navigation
Website navigation is one of the most important aspects of web design. Website navigation is a term used to describe the way in which users can move around a website.
#21 Website cache
A website’s cache is a record of the web pages on that site that are stored on a web server.
Caching makes your site load faster because the webserver doesn’t need to process the same content over and over again.
A call to action (CTA) is a word or phrase that tells readers to take a specific action.
Cookies are small files of data that are stored by your web browser when you visit a website.
They are then sent back to the originating website on each subsequent visit, or to another website that recognizes that cookie.
Favicon is the small icon that appears next to your website’s name or URL in a browser.
It appears next to the page title in the tab of the browser.
DNS is short for Domain Name System.
#26 Landing page
A landing page is a page that your traffic is directed to after clicking on an ad.
Landing pages usually have a specific purpose such as collecting information, checking out a service, signing up for an email list, or downloading a free ebook.
#27 Responsive website
Responsive web design is a web design approach aimed at crafting sites to provide an optimal viewing experience (from desktop computer monitors to mobile phones).
A slider is a great tool for those who want to display a lot of images without taking up a lot of room.
A wireframe is a visual guide that displays the structure and layout of a website or application.
SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization.
This is the process of getting traffic from the “free,” “organic,” or “natural” search results on search engines (like Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc.).